Let’s now discuss the four motivations of life, the Purushaarthas पुरुषार्थ. They are Dharma धर्म, Artha आर्थ, Kama कामा, and Moksha मोक्ष. The Purushaarthas are also called the four aims, pillars, purposes, and urges. The first three, Dharma, Artha, and Kama are human pursuits, which eventually lead us to our final purpose of liberation, Moksha. In Jyotisha (Vedic Astrology), these four motivations help to determine and indicate our purpose(s) in this lifetime. Each Nakshatra is influenced by a specific Purushaartha. They are also reflected through the houses in our birth charts:
Dharma is duty and righteous action (towards ourselves and others). Our personal Dharma is our main purpose in this lifetime. Dharma is reflected by the first (individual self), fifth (creativity), and ninth (spirituality) houses.
Artha is respectable and meaningful activities, goal-orientated behavior, and practical matters, such as work and finances. Artha is reflected by the second (finances), sixth (work, service, health), and tenth (career) houses.
Kama is our desires and passion driven activities. These desires motivate us towards progress in this physical life. Kama is reflected by the third (communication), seventh (relationship), and eleventh (profits, social activities) houses.
Moksha is the urge to detach from the three urges above that bind us to the physical realm, and from the cycle of death and rebirth. It is liberation, nirvana, enlightenment. Moksha is reflected by the fourth (emotions, home, family), eighth (death, transformation), and twelfth (loss, moksha) houses.
When looking at our natal charts it is most important to look at the Purushaartha influences on the Ascendant, Ascendant lord, the Sun, the Moon, and the Nakshatras to get an understanding of the deeper impulses we sense in different aspects of our lives and of our souls’ purpose(s) in this incarnation. They can also show us the karmic challenges we must face on our journeys towards Moksha.